Moscow: Architecture History
Татьяна Вишневская Moscow: Architecture History
To visit Moscow means to know Russia, wrote the great Russian historian Nikolai Karamzin. Since time immemorial goldendomed Moscow has been regarded as the heart of Russia, the focus of the Russian spirit and a symbol of Russian statehood.In 2007 the city will celebrate its jubilee. 865 years have passed since the memorable day of 4 April 1147 when Yury Dolgoruky, the Prince of Suzdal, gave a feast on his estate in honour of Sviatoslav Olgovich, the Prince of Seversk, inviting him there with the words Come, brother, to me to Moscow. This is the first mention of Moscow in the Chronicles and it is thought to be the date of its foundation. In 1328 the Moscow Prince Ivan Kalita received an edict from the Tatar Khan Uzbek for becoming the Grand Prince and thus the history of Moscow as the capital of Russia began. Towards the end of the fifteenth century Moscow grew into the political, spiritual and administrative centre of Russia, the bulwark of the countrys political and spiritual power. The process continued until the early eighteenth century when Peter the Great built a new capital, St Petersburg, on the shore of the Gulf of Finland. Deprived of its status of the capital, Moscow, however, did not lose its spiritual, economic and cultural significance. In 1918 the newest period in the history of the city began Moscow became the capital of the new, Soviet state. Moscow is today a multimillion megapolis, the capital of the Russian Federation, ranking the fifth among the worlds capitals as regards its population.